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Effect of Encapsulation and Light-soak on Charge Transport Properties in Organic Semiconductor –based Diodes

Abstract : Organic semiconductors (OSs) have garnered a great attention in the recent years due to their ease of processibility, optical and electrical property-tunability, and to their cost-effectiveness. They form the class of materials most suitable for flexible electronics and bioelectronics, especially in association with solutionprocessable inorganic/hybrid materials. However, the charge mobility in these materials is strongly affected by their structural and energetic disorder introduced by the defects that ‘trap’ the charge carriers. Depending upon the physical location of the traps and their distribution in energy, they could significantly affect the charge transport in a device. The present work strives to probe the interface and bulk defect states in polymer-based diodes. In lieu of that, a part of the study involved characterizing the device with and without encapsulation, using techniques to record steady-state current-voltage (IV)behaviour, transients of charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage (CELIV) and dark-injection transient currents (DiTC), as well as photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) off the devices. The same characteristics have been carried out to observe the effect of ultra-violet (UV) lightsoak on the devices. All the tests were performed on three different polymers, namely P3HT, MDMO:PPV and PCDTBT. The comparison of the encapsulated versus unencapsulated devices gives an insight into characteristic differences in the measurables upon exposure to air and moisture. The light-soak tests indicate the modification of the cathode work function after a UV-assisted oxygen desorption off the polymer/cathode interface. A simultaneous effort went into an in-situ investigation of charge transport dynamics in organic semiconductors over wide time range at a microscopic scale.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02048638, version 1

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Sanyasi Bobbara. Effect of Encapsulation and Light-soak on Charge Transport Properties in Organic Semiconductor –based Diodes. Mathematical Physics [math-ph]. Université d'Angers; Queen's University (Canada), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0022⟩. ⟨tel-02048638⟩

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