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Codeur vidéo scalable haute-fidélité SHVC modulable et parallèle

Abstract : After entering the digital era, video consumption evolved and defined new trends. Video contents can now be accessed with many platforms (television, computer, tablet, smartphones ... ) and from many medias such as mobile network or satellite network or terrestrial network or Internet or local storage on Blu-ray disc for instance. In the meantime, users experience improves thanks to new video format such as Ultra High Definition (UHD) or High Dynamic Range (HOR) or High Frame Rate (HFR). These formats respectively enhance quality through resolution, dynamic range and frequency. New consumption trends and new video formats define new constraints that have to be resolved by currents and futures video encoders. In this context, we propose a video coding solution able to answer constraints such as multi-formats coding, multi­destinations coding, coding speed and coding efficiency in terms of video compression. This solution relies on the scalable extension of the standard « High Efficiency Video Coding » (HEVC) defined in 2014 also called SHVC. This extension enables scalable video coding by producing a single bitstream on several layers built from a common video at different scales of resolution, frequency, quality, bit depth per pixel or even colour gamut. SHVC coding enhance HEVC coding thanks to an inter-layer prediction that use coding information from lower layers. In this PhD thesis, the proposed solution is based on a professional video encoder, developed by Ateme company, able to perform parallelism on several levels (inter-frames, intra-frames, inter-blocks, inter-operations) thanks to a pipelined architecture. Two instances of this encoder run in parallel and are synchronised at pipeline level to enable inter-layer predictions. Some trade-off between complexity and coding efficiency are proposed on inter-layer prediction at slice and prediction tools levels. For instance, in a broadcast configuration, inter-layer prediction is processed on reconstructed pictures only for half the frames of the bitstream. In a constant quality configuration, it enables to save 18.5% of the coding bitrate for only 2% loss in terms of coding speed compared to equivalent HEVC coding. The proposed architecture is also able to perform all kinds of scalability supported in the SHVC extension. Moreover, in spatial scalability, we propose a down-sampling filter processed on the base layer that optimized global coding bitrate. We propose several quality modes with parallelism on several levels and low-level optimization that enable real-time video coding on UHD sequences. The proposed solution was integrated in a video broadcast chain and showed in several professional shows, conferences and at ATSC 3.0 meetings.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02048319
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Submitted on : Monday, February 25, 2019 - 2:47:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:53:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 26, 2019 - 2:51:18 PM

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2018ISAR0016_PAROIS_Ronan.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-02048319, version 1

Citation

Ronan Parois. Codeur vidéo scalable haute-fidélité SHVC modulable et parallèle. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. INSA de Rennes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ISAR0016⟩. ⟨tel-02048319⟩

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