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Caractérisation à l'échelle locale des propriétés superélastiques d'alliages de titane massifs et sous forme de revêtements

Abstract : The superelasticity is the ability of an alloy to recover its original shape after significant deformation. This effect, due to a reversible stress-induced martensitic transformation, is highly sought after for many biomedical applications. Nickel-titanium alloys that have a very large strain recovery (in bulk and thin film state), are the alloys currently used for functional applications requiring superelasticity. However, the use of this alloy in biomedical devices is controversial by the presence of nickel, considered as allergen and presumed cytotoxic for the body. As a result, in recent years, increased attention has been given to metastable f3 titanium alloys, which may be an alternative for biomedical applications. Indeed, they have the advantage of being elaborated from biocompatible elements and exhibit a superelastic behavior. The objective of this thesis lies in the study of the superelastic response of metastable f3 titanium alloys at different scales in bulk and thin film state. Two metastable f3 titanium alloys were elaborated: Ti-27Nb (at%) alloy and Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn (wt %) alloy. The superelastic properties of these two bulk alloys were characterized at macroscopic and sub-micrometric scale and compared to superelastic NiTi and elastoplastic CP-Ti. The nanoindentation was first used to evaluate the superelastic effect of various bulk titanium alloys at local scale, and in a second time, to study the effect of crystallographic orientations on the superelastic and mechanical responses at the grain scale. Finally, the mechanical and superelastic properties of metastable f3 titanium coatings were evaluated with this same nanoindentation process.
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Hamza Jabir. Caractérisation à l'échelle locale des propriétés superélastiques d'alliages de titane massifs et sous forme de revêtements. Matériaux. INSA de Rennes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ISAR0015⟩. ⟨tel-02048049⟩

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