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Localization of a collaborative underwater sound source in a shallow environment.

Abstract : This thesis addresses an acoustic underwater source localization with application to an at-sea experiment. We propose a new matching method based on a fit-metric called as Hausdorff distance (HD) as a cost-function to be minimized, in order to perform the localization inversion. The 2-D localization, in range and depth, is performed by matching the patterns of time difference of arrival (TDOA) when using only one hydrophone at the reception and by matching the TDOA and the Angle of Arrival (AOA) when using an array of hydrophones at the reception, between respectively measured and modeled sequences. The modelled TDOA was obtained based on the Ray-path acoustic propagation model. The data sets analyzed here were collected during two experiments in a context of passive localization considering a motionless target: The tank of GIPSA-LAB using cooperative and non-cooperative systems which were verified by simulations with respect to the signal-to-noise ratio and the ALMA 2015, collected by the Direction générale de l’armement (DGA) using a cooperative system which took place in a shallow water environment of the southern coast of France. During the ALMA experiment the acoustic data were measured over a 10m-high vertical linear array (VLA), composed of 64 hydrophones, allowing not only matching the TDOA but also the Angle of Arrival (AOA). Several variants of the Hausdorff Distance are applied in two different processes: First, separately in each single hydrophone, and then combined in order to improve the localization accuracy (spatial diversity), and the second, the information from the different hydrophones are combined (beamforming) and the HD variants are applied to find the target location. The results of both processes are compared and proved to reduce the ambiguity either is depth and in range, thus improving the final accuracy. The Cramer Rao Bound showing the minimal variance performed based on deterministic equations is presented with the best result of each process. Very satisfactory performance and accuracy are obtained. The conclusions and perspectives of this work are discussed at the end.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02043446
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2019 - 8:54:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 12:38:02 PM
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Pedro Eugenio Martins de Magalhaes. Localization of a collaborative underwater sound source in a shallow environment.. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAU042⟩. ⟨tel-02043446⟩

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