Puissance, hubris et marginalité : ethnographie de la zone urbaine de Pointe à Pitre en Guadeloupe

Abstract : This research is based upon a fieldwork amongst young people in marginalized urban areas in Guadeloupe. Inheriting the political history of slavery, colonization and subsequent dependency, whilst also confronted with stigmatization, violence, unemployment, aimlessness, drugs and poverty, these young people have, nonetheless, established their own culture. In this thesis, I study the conceptions they have about power and politics in an oppressive social context, to understand how daily practices of rebellion and transgression link up with a desertion of politics while preventing any collective action able to question the power relationships in Guadeloupe. Due to the desertion of politics, these conceptions reveal themselves in the culture of young people living in marginalized urban areas. Subsequently, this thesis is an exploration of the daily lives of these young people: street life, dance, music, informal economy, sexuality and violence. The culture of young people in marginalized urban areas is influenced by two dynamics: marginality and the search for power. Marginality comes up from a complex relationship with Guadeloupean society, characterized by transgression, avoidance and interdependence. The search for power is both a way to interact with others and a principle structuring the world representation that young people use to understand the contemporary era and to create compensating values. Marginality and Power are two dynamics that proceed according to hubris: a refusal of one's own weakness which is expressed by a violent passion for excessiveness and outrageousness. In marginalized urban areas, hubris refers to the refusal of both poverty and the inheritance of slavery.
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Noé Grenier. Puissance, hubris et marginalité : ethnographie de la zone urbaine de Pointe à Pitre en Guadeloupe. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB221⟩. ⟨tel-02042378⟩

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