Le temps des objets : mémoire collective, entourages matériels et imaginaires littéraires : essai de phénoménologie sociale

Abstract : Matter and memory are two research programs that Human Sciences usually undertaken in a separately way. On the one hand the empirical observation on material presence of the objects; on the other hand the speculative thought on the immaterial experience of the memory. However, sociology of memory allows and requires to assume on this subject a conjunctive outlook: to consider the memory as a social practice included in the nearby material environments. Following this conjunctive principle, the review of some memory practices has allowed us to identify the continuous presence of material objects as if the  "natural" and "artificial" ways of memory were indissociable from the material status of the object. An object-based relationship with memory and a memorial relationship with objects then appears as a constant from which we try to present some historical variations: in Rome, at times of the Republic and during the Early Empire, different experiences as the cult of the dead and the art of rhetoric, incessantly implies object and memory; at Renaissance the proliferation of studioli, cabinets de curiosités and Wunderkammern can only confirm the enshrining of a great fascination in the spaces of power and knowledge for the objects from the past ; in 19th century, apparently ruled by the industrial production, the fetishism for ancient objects renews once again the interest that objects vested of memory arouses. For this reason the equally persistent presence of the objects of memory in literature: in each of those historical moments we aware that a considerable literary production attempts to describe the importance of things that evoke an experience of past. The works of some Latin poets, the Goethe's reflections on collectionism, the ideas of Rilke on the subject of "lived objects", and Proust's own Search, are literary variations on the same topic : the time of things, the time contained in things.
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Pablo Cuartas. Le temps des objets : mémoire collective, entourages matériels et imaginaires littéraires : essai de phénoménologie sociale. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB220⟩. ⟨tel-02034576⟩

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