L'évaluation des pratiques professionnelles, un espace de réflexion à la croisée de la réflexivité et de la délibération éthique : implications pédagogiques en odontologie

Abstract : With the "Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories" (HPST) Act of 2009, the Evaluation of Professional Practices (EPP) has supplemented the continuing education program. It has since become important to question the contribution of the evaluation of professional practices in Continuing Professional Development (CPD), particularly in the field of Dentistry. However answering this question requires us to define continuing professional development. This research tackles two complementary aspects: first, the theoretical and pedagogical implications behind the Evaluation of Professional Practices in dentistry in a continuing professional development perspective; - and, second, the ethical issues implied in the construction of educational projects. The 2009 legislation considers professional development as a training mechanism. In educational research, however, professional development is understood as part of building the identity and skills set of the professional, whereas expected skills and reflective practices are linked to the movement of professionalization in health education. In theoretical and political debates, the notion of evaluation is overlooked or restrained to the "professional act", as well as any reflection on the ethical dimension of the evaluation procedures during the process of professionalization. The lack of established theoretical frameworks has led to an inductive type of research: a theoretical part based on analysis of theoretical writings, and an exploratory component among education officials in charge of initial and continuing education in dentistry. The synthesis of these two parts, beyond the opposition of theory and practice, suggests that a fresh look is needed in relation to the evaluation of professional practices and reflective practice, and puts the complexity of the process of questioning the professional action at the heart of the exercise of medical normativity.
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Hélène Denost. L'évaluation des pratiques professionnelles, un espace de réflexion à la croisée de la réflexivité et de la délibération éthique : implications pédagogiques en odontologie. Ethique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB218⟩. ⟨tel-02031079⟩

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