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Ce que le « dispositif » fait au travailleur « sans-papiers » : analyser l'emploi et les rapports à l'emploi de migrants dits « sans-papiers », originaires de la vallée du fleuve Sénégal, à Paris, au prisme de la régularisation exceptionnelle au titre du travail

Abstract : This research deals with the employment of undocumented people from the Senegal valley, in Paris and the legalization processes. Mobilizing the two concepts of "identify of papers" Dardy [1991] 1998; Noiriel, 1998, 2007; Bruno, 2010) and "interstices of game", this doctoral thesis, based on an sociological and inductive approach, highlights the mechanisms and logics that are inherent to putting undocumented people into work. From there, the lack of residence permit implies the inscription of these migrants in specific sectors of activities. Therefore, employments are registered in the secondary labour market, if not an exogenous market, where employment and its forms are very precarious. If migrants take these jobs, it is because work is the key parameter in the migratory situations. The balance between supply and demand of labour draws its legitimacy from the French State. Indeed, leglization processes determine this balance, and justify it by normalizing it. The legitimacy of French State is allowed by a recovery and "instrumentation" (Lascoumes, 2003) of the figure of "Undocumented Worker", which was first introduced during the strike of 2008-2010. In other words, the employment situations lead to discuss of the production of a specific labour force by the State. The legalization processes are based on the figure of "Undocumented Worker" and by this manner elect the alien in an irregular situation who will be regularized. This lead to formulate the following argument: the employment of undocumented migrants is due to economic logics which establish specific forms to putting undocumented people into work. This is guaranteed by precariousness of status employments, enables to produce forms of a low citizenship that political logics reinforce. Thus, the legalization process supports this perspective. The figure of "Undocumented Worker", from the strike of 2008-2010, is used by the French State to justify the legalization process by work. All these elements are included by a manner of governing that is attached to a particular scheme of biopolitic.
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Emeline Zougbede. Ce que le « dispositif » fait au travailleur « sans-papiers » : analyser l'emploi et les rapports à l'emploi de migrants dits « sans-papiers », originaires de la vallée du fleuve Sénégal, à Paris, au prisme de la régularisation exceptionnelle au titre du travail. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB215⟩. ⟨tel-02026717⟩

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