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Relação ao saber matemático de professores que atuam nos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental : Estudo exploratório no Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Pernambuco - Brasil)

Abstract : The thesis was developed with the support of CAPES in a regime of cooperation between the Federal RuralUniversity of Pernambuco (Brazil) and the Université Lumière - Lyon 2 (France). The research was carried outfrom 2013 to 2017, aiming to analyse the psychic, sociological and didactic characteristics of the relationship withmathematical knowledge, starting from an exploratory study with 32 teachers who teach mathematics in the firstyears of elementary education, in the public municipality of Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Metropolitan Region ofthe State of Pernambuco-Brazil). To this end, we based the study on the theoretical subsidies of psychoanalysis,sociology, and didactics of mathematics, from the theoretical contributions of Beillerot (1989), Nimier (1988),Charlot (2000) and Chevallard (1996). This research is characterized as a phenomenological and exploratory studyon the relatioship with mathematical knowledge. The methodological tools used in the construction of the researchdata were a set of questionnaires, field diaries and simple self-confrontation interviews. The information obtainedby using those instruments was treated, analysed and categorised according to the premises of discourse analysis(in the perspective fostered by Charaudeau, 2012, 2014) and the implicative statistical analysis - A.S.I. (in theperspective suggested by Regis Grás, 2015 and Régnier, 2010). The identification, description and analysis ofpsychoanalytic characteristics and modes of relationship with mathematics is based on the categorisation proposedby Nimier (1988), whereas the study of sociological and didactic characteristics is based on the results of previousresearch and on the participants' discourses, on schooling itself, professionalisation, mathematical training,pedagogical practices and students. The results suggest that the modes of the participants' relationship withmathematical knowledge are constituted by the psychic attributes of more than one category proposed by Nimier(1988). However, we can affirm that among the study collaborators, profiles characterised as analytical andcontrolling predominate, to the detriment of more persecutory or schizoid profiles. For those teachers, mathematicsis an idealised object (representing beauty, harmony and organization), which fills personal gaps (idealmathematics teacher). In this sense, we verified that the relationship with mathematical knowledge established bythose teachers throughout professionalization is more institutional than personal, since this type of relationshipsuffers the influences of social interactions and the formative process. Both factors emerge as preponderant aspectsin the evolution of the relationship with the knowledge of the participating teachers. Among the contributions ofthe research, we highlight the promotion of discussion on the relationship with knowledge of teachers who teachmathematics in the initial years of Brazilian fundamental education. As well as we see that the possibility ofmaterialising the notion in question through the psychic characteristics that shape the model proposed in thisresearch (built on the interfaces between the psychic, sociological and didactic dimensions of teachers' relationshipwith mathematical knowledge) is an adjustment of the reference model, according to the desires they share witheach other. In summary, the desire to be a teacher, to fulfill the function (that the product of the teaching actionsmay ensure an environment that favours mathematics learning, establishing affective bonds with the children) andto obtain notoriety (to be recognised by the effectiveness of their competences, skills and practices in theclassroom) dynamise and model participating teachers' relationship with the mathematical knowledge due to thepreponderance of the social aspects present in personal and professional life.
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Luciana Silva dos Santos. Relação ao saber matemático de professores que atuam nos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental : Estudo exploratório no Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Pernambuco - Brasil). Education. Université de Lyon; Universidade federal de Pernambuco (Récife, Brésil). Faculdade de Direito, 2017. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2066⟩. ⟨tel-02023546⟩

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