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Construction d'une gouvernance partagée pour une gestion durable du tourisme dans les territoires insulaires. : Conduite d'une recherche-action dans deux territoires insulaires en Corse et en Crète

Abstract : The islands of the Mediterranean area are confronted to a massive tourism development which is not systematically well-controlled by their local societies. The issues and pressures related to the touristic development are various and significant, including land pressure linked to real estatespeculation, environmental damages, socioeconomic vulnerability, and the fragmentation of the socio-cultural cohesion due to the restructuration of local societies linked to migrations. Facing such important issues, we could expect from island communitiesthat they would react and organize themselves, especially since islands appear to be archetypical local territories if we consider their natural boundaries, their socio-cultural homogeneity, their cohesive identity and their traditional links and solidarity. However, major mutations in the last decades have resulted in distension of these links while fostering the emergence of new conflicts revealing differentiated appropriations and visions of the touristic future of their island territories.This PhD thesis aims to study the conditions for the emergence of a shared governance of tourism in two Mediterranean island territories, one in Corsica -the Castagniccia Mare è Monti -and one in Crete -the dimos of Sitia -, that could support the empowerment of local societies for the management of a touristic development that could be sustainable for their territories. The central action of the present research was to design and experiment a participative process in the study areas, for the identification, mobilization and coordinated action of the concerned persons. This action included three operational stages: the first step was to realize a cross-study of both tourist trajectories and organizational dynamics of our two study areas, within their insular regional context, to better understand what might be the challenges and conflicts linked to tourism development. The second step was to identify, collect and understand the point of views and positions of the concerned persons about tourism dynamics and perspectives of their territories. The third and final step was to start a negotiation process between the concerned persons in order for them to co-build a shared vision of the tourism future in their territories.
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Mathilde Woillez. Construction d'une gouvernance partagée pour une gestion durable du tourisme dans les territoires insulaires. : Conduite d'une recherche-action dans deux territoires insulaires en Corse et en Crète. Géographie. Université Pascal Paoli, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CORT0016⟩. ⟨tel-02022993⟩

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