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Napoléon, un mythe postmoderne ? Description et analyse de la figure napoléonienne, dans l’imaginaire collectif, à travers la littérature populaire et la culture de masse (bande dessinée, jeux vidéos, publicité)

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to question the presence of Napoleonic figure, nearly two hundred years after the death of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), in the popular and francophone cultural production (literature, comics, video games, advertising) of the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century, in terms of mythocritique.In a diachronic approach, are previously mentioned representations of Napoleonic image in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries through literature and popular culture (cartoons, songs, images of Epinal) to highlight the creation of the myth of Napoleon and its evolution through the centuries.In a synchronic approach through, first of all, by the comparative study of French novels (uchronies, pastiches...) evoking the figure of Napoleon and then, at the heart of contemporary imagery, through various examples of comics and Japanese manga using the figure of Napoleon Bonaparte, from the years 1969 (bicentenary of his birth), we set ourselves the task of illustrating and documenting as thoroughly as possible the presence of myth in order to analyze and identify the postmodern mythemes that nourish.We are interested not only by popular literature but also other materials which constitute the vector of myth : in fact, we wanted to integrate into our work the advertising analysis; image and video undeniably constitute today a major source of collective representations and myths of postmodernity.In order to make possible the most extensive research, we also wanted in the final chapter of our study, questioning the presence (or absence) of Napoleonic figure in national Education programs or museum collections and exhibitions.Through in-depth study of this corpus, along with a wide panorama including in particular the analysis of the presence of the historical figure of Napoleon Bonaparte in video games and its representation on many websites, the matter was to expose contemporary mythemes and values emerging of the character, which is a myth today, in France, two hundred years after his death.
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Candice Obron-Vattaire. Napoléon, un mythe postmoderne ? Description et analyse de la figure napoléonienne, dans l’imaginaire collectif, à travers la littérature populaire et la culture de masse (bande dessinée, jeux vidéos, publicité). Littératures. Université Pascal Paoli, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015CORT0017⟩. ⟨tel-02022923⟩

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