Architectures expérimentales : penser et agir une pratique située (généalogie, contexte et éléments théoriques) : l'expérience de YA+K

Abstract : This thesis aims to develop a new conception of architectural practice defined by its experimental value and an in situ approach. At the same time, practitioners from various fields whose work is based on different working formats share a new way to conceive of ‘the project’. They no longer work remotely following the traditional project process – analysis, design and construction. They immerse themselves working for, with and on a context, using actions and productions to set the context to work. This research invites the reader to explore and critically analyse a redefinition of traditional architectural methods and formats, linked to this approach. This thesis takes as its starting point the work of YA+K– interdisciplinary group that I co-founded in 2011. Using my experience within our practice, I first critically analyse a group of projects produced by YA+K (installations, residences and workshops). I then outline several issues that provide the structure of the manuscript, and follow this by situating our approach in a genealogy of practices and practitioners. Then, in order to position this research in its current professional and disciplinary context, I identify several challenges now faced by the architectural field – the evolution of cities, the relationships between practitioners and techniques, and the fragility of the discipline and profession. For each of these points, I develop a theoretical framework, incorporating three major lines of reflection: 1) thinking and working in the urban context through the concept of intermediary urbanism, 2) thinking in relation to technologies based on a DIY approach, and 3) the need to reshape the approach to architectural projects in light of the current crisis in the profession. Lastly, I draw on lessons from these lines of thought in order to articulate three theoretical proposals offering ways to reconceptualise the approach to architectural projects: 1) think around the site(s) and not the context, 2) conceive of different approaches to projects and their classical conflicts (in particular between thinking and doing) through the use of workshops, and 3) try to redefine architectural production, emphasising its experimental value and multiple formats.
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Etienne Delprat. Architectures expérimentales : penser et agir une pratique située (généalogie, contexte et éléments théoriques) : l'expérience de YA+K. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H318⟩. ⟨tel-02022589⟩

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