Sédation continue, maintenue jusqu'au décès : quelle communication dans les unités de soins palliatifs en France et en Pologne ? Pour une éthique de la présence à l'autre

Abstract : This thesis addresses an issue of medical ethics which has previously been investigated, that of communication concerning continuous sedation until death as practised in palliative care units in France and Poland. Using an interdisciplinary approach, free of any personal preconceptions by the author, it aims to provide an objective insight into the issue. A literature review is performed initially which highlights the main flaws in the existing publications of which there are two in particular: terminological and conceptual confusion around the idea of sedation in palliative medicine and its conceptual representation. In order to properly frame the object of research, two key concepts: continuous sedation until death and representation are first clarified and then linked together. Subsequently, a qualitative multiple-case field study is performed in a number of different palliative care units in France and Poland. Two qualitative methods are used: case analyses and individual semi-structured interviews with the main parties involved in the communication process - prescribing clinicians, nurses and the families and friends of sedated patients. Patients were not directly interviewed but their experiences were accounted for via the interviews with the carers and family members. Thirty completed case, fifteen per country, are included in the study. The data obtained are analysed using the appropriate linguistic tools. The results show that carers' representations of “continuous sedation until death” influence the delivery of information to patients. The national contexts are seen to exert a certain influence in most cases. However, with regard to the content of information, the wishes of patients and family members are the same in both countries. Moreover, it is less the information itself that counts as much as the caring way it is delivered. The emergence from this study of a needful wish to be cared for leads us to question whether, despite individual differences, there is not a universal dimension to the suffering being. This in turn prompts our suggestion of an ethical scope to the presence of the other. Should this not be at the root of palliative medicine and moreover throughout the entire field of medicine? And if that's the case, why not in our everyday lives ?
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Martyna Tomczyk. Sédation continue, maintenue jusqu'au décès : quelle communication dans les unités de soins palliatifs en France et en Pologne ? Pour une éthique de la présence à l'autre. Ethique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB214⟩. ⟨tel-02021398⟩

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