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La comparaison des langues en contexte immersif : analyse de pratiques enseignantes en école et collège dans les Calandretas, établissements bilingues français-occitan

Abstract : This thesis aims at presenting and describing the teaching practices related to language comparison in the immersive French-Occitan schools “Calandretas”. Activities focusing on the comparative observation of the functioning of different languages have been widely researched for a number of decades. They are of great interest to applied linguists who consider them as new ways of approaching language teaching, as much of foreign languages, as of the mother tongue or the language of schooling. The implementation of these activities very clearly questions the role and place attributed to languages in the language training of pupils; it addresses the languages of their language biography, of the curriculum or even languages unknown to them. Current trends lean towards disciplinary decompartmentalization and the setting up of links between languages, whether for the purpose of learning a particular target language or the wider perspective of language education. Therefore, I wanted to explore what took place in the very specific context of bilingual education, more specifically in the context of immersive teaching of the regional language. Do the teachers in the Occitan Calandretas schools compare the two languages of schooling (Occitan and French), and / or other languages? If so, how and why? Based on a study of reported and observed practices of teachers of Key Stage 3, our thesis offers to report not only on the way in which the situations of comparative observation of Occitan and French and / or other languages functioning are set up, but also to study the linguistic contents covered by the comparison. Situated at the interface between linguistics and the didactics of multilingualism, this work also seeks, to clarify the place of the comparison of languages in the plural approaches of languages and cultures from the epistemological point of view and to clarify what it means to compare languages.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 15, 2019 - 5:37:05 PM
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Emilie Chorin. La comparaison des langues en contexte immersif : analyse de pratiques enseignantes en école et collège dans les Calandretas, établissements bilingues français-occitan. Linguistique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20008⟩. ⟨tel-02021314⟩

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