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Les réseaux personnels dans la Chine urbaine : une enquête à Chongqing

Abstract : Compared to the sum of work accumulated in Western countries, research on personal networks is still rare in China, despite the importance of interpersonal relations in this country. The research presented in this thesis was aimed at answering the following questions: Is it possible to transpose a complex method of analysis of personal networks used in San Francisco and Toulouse to a Chinese city? Given the higher importance of families in the social life of this country, do we observe strong specificities in the structure and composition of personal networks, or on the contrary, there is a convergence of relational structures (at least in the middle social strata and in urban areas) with those observed in Western countries ? Beyond that, how are the characteristics of the networks linked to the social situations of the respondents (gender, age, level of education, etc.) ?The thesis is based on an original survey of a population of urban middle classes in Chongqing in 2014-15 by adapting the name generator method that was used in San Francisco and Toulouse. The results of the Chongqing survey are sufficiently consistent with the surveys taken as an example to convince the feasibility of these comparisons. However, these results also show differences. In Chongqing, respondents did not cite more family members than in other surveys, but they cited them as a priority for most questions. While education is the factor that best accounts for the variation in the size of personal networks in the San Francisco and Toulouse surveys, occupation and income are more significant in Chongqing.
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Jin Huang. Les réseaux personnels dans la Chine urbaine : une enquête à Chongqing. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20006⟩. ⟨tel-02020877⟩

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