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Épreuves et ressources des enseignants en fin de carrière : Exemple des enseignants de collège en éducation prioritaire

Abstract : This study aims at understanding why teachers nearing retirement are staying on in education priority zone high schools in France. Reforms have been initiated by the French government since the mid 1970’s, such as the increasing numbers of students admitted to secondary education and the creation of Education Priority Zones (ZEP) which have brought about significant changes in the teaching career. Indeed, when these priority zones were created, partnerships were created with local entities granting them a certain autonomy and allowing the work collective and the teachers to detach themselves from the standard formats. Plasticity meant that teachers nearing retirement could give a new shape to the job and over their entire career take on the shape of that job.Semi-structured interviews (involving 79 teachers and 20 high school directors) point to specific resources mobilised in cases where tests are numerous, whether in daily work situations or in more demanding situations where teachers confront tests head on.Some subjects seem to stabilise teachers in their positions in ZEP high schools while other subjects favour their leaving these same schools.Teachers were separated into two age groups : 55 and over / 54 and below, bringing to the fore an age threshold which determines at what point teachers leave their positions in priority zone schools. Working with pupils presenting learning difficulties, the complicated social context in some suburban areas, the fact that teachers are aging, government imposed reforms, all this puts teachers under a lot of pressure; it is becoming harder and harder to remain for the long haul in priority zones given the educational context. Professionalism in ZEP teaching has two aspects; on the one hand the subjective dimension of giving, emotion, recognition and on the other the rational approach to the work including innovation, partnerships, networking. This combination has until recently attracted older teachers to stay on. But for new generation teachers, working in a priority zone high school is no longer a choice but rather a compulsory rite of passage.The final years of a teaching career lead one to wonder about the government’s past decisions, and underline a contradiction: while seniors are more and more numerous in the French population, senior teachers in their fifties are deserting priority zone high schools. Of course there will always be teachers working in education priority zones, but teachers nearing retirement will be less and less numerous in those schools.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 15, 2019 - 10:44:07 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02020308, version 1


Dominique Zambon. Épreuves et ressources des enseignants en fin de carrière : Exemple des enseignants de collège en éducation prioritaire. Education. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2086⟩. ⟨tel-02020308⟩



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