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Modification chimique, greffage et dispersion d'agents fonctionnels pour des applications antimicrobiennes

Abstract : Today the cosmetic market is one of the most popular in the world. French people use many these products everyday as for examples, creams or shampoos. In order to protect the cosmetic products, the manufacturers introduced during these last year additives or conservative agents in cosmetic products to increase the shelf life or avoid a microbial contamination after a direct contact with the skin of consumers. However, recent years have also revealed that the consumer mindsets evolve and now, they would like cosmetics more natural, without addition of additives. In this context, it was interesting to work on the cosmetics protection by other ways. Firstly, we think immediately to the protection by use of packaging. The objective is to modify the current packaging to bring an antimicrobial activity and protect the cosmetics. This work presents different technologies of fabrication and modification of polymers to get an antimicrobial activity. For this, two techniques were studied. A first technology has consisted to develop antimicrobial coating at low temperature. This way has demonstrated possibilities of creation by photo-polymerization under UV radiations. Initially, the antimicrobial agents were introduced in liquid monomers before the polymerization and the fabrication of polymer networks. The final coatings were finally destiny to be added on specific areas of packaging, generally in contact with the consumers and prevent all risks of microbial contaminations from the products. The second technology has studied a way of polymer fabrication more industrial at high temperature. The technique has consisted to create antimicrobial pellets by extrusion with introductions of different natures of additives. The obtain pellets were injected at the end to fabricate certain pieces of the final packaging. This work has allowed the realization of a large range of antimicrobial materials. All the studied solutions have been used to fabricate prototype packaging in collaboration with partner companies of the project. All these prototypes will be tested by antimicrobial tests in real conditions of uses. If these tests prove successful, it will be possible to envisage an industrialization step
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  • HAL Id : tel-02020143, version 2

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Pierrick Paillot. Modification chimique, greffage et dispersion d'agents fonctionnels pour des applications antimicrobiennes. Polymères. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSES006⟩. ⟨tel-02020143v2⟩

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