Les jeunes, l'insertion et les missions locales du pays d'Auge (Normandie) : les évolutions des représentations sociales entre 1982 et 2017

Abstract : The research aims to show how social representations of young people in integration, local missions and integration have evolved over time and over a territory, the pays d'Auge in Normandy. The research is based on the theoretical plan of work on social representations (Moscovici, Jodelet, Abric, etc.). The hypothesis was to think that social representations varied on the one hand, according to the level of social and economic development of the territories and on the other hand, according to the periods and the course of time. To test this hypothesis, we used two methods of data collection. To compare the representations on employment areas, we interviewed 30 people involved in the professional integration activities of young people (integration professionals, elected officials involved in integration and journalists who wrote on the subject) through semi-structured interviews to collect their perceptions about integration and changes over a period of 35 years (1982/2017). The data was processed by thematic content analysis. A second modality consisted of collecting and analyzing 211 local newspaper clippings over the 1982-2017 period in order to identify any changes in the perception of integration and local missions, structures specialized in welcoming young people. The data was processed by the Alceste software. The results highlight an evolution of perceptions of insertion in the Pays d'Auge over time as well as differences between the two areas of employment (Honfleur and Lisieux). The area of Honfleur, more dynamic testifies to more positive representations of insertion while the Lisieux area, more difficult social and economic is associated with negative perceptions. These results confirm the observations of Moscovici and Jodelet according to whom, the variety of exchanges and interactions can initiate and change the representations within a working community (here actors of insertion). It also helps to observe how a social object such as insertion manifests itself and changes over time. This type of research should be replicated in other territories in order to identify more precisely the singularity of the links between exchanges between actors and the economic and social development of a territory, as well as their manifestation by social representations.
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Angélique Martin. Les jeunes, l'insertion et les missions locales du pays d'Auge (Normandie) : les évolutions des représentations sociales entre 1982 et 2017. Education. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CNAM1211⟩. ⟨tel-02019638⟩

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