La territorialisation de l'action publique en situation de crise : le cas des farines animales dans le contexte de l'Encéphalopathie Spongiforme Bovine (ESB) en France

Abstract : Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), disease discovered in 1986, is known as public health problem since 1996. Indeed, it has been linked to the variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has shown. In this context, European and French authorities took several measures to control the epidemic and to decrease the chance of exposure of consumers. Governments especially focused on feed-bone meals, produced from animal waste and used in cattle feed, which were recognised as the vector of the spread of the disease. Feed-bone meal were totally banned the 14th November 2000 in France and this decision entailed a huge crisis. Indeed, feed-bone meal were declared unfit for cattle consumption but their production remained, and still remains, necessary. They allow to reduce in weight and volume the quantities of animal waste which are produced by agro-food industry. French government had to find new outlet for feed-bone meal which are massively produced (8 000 tons per week in 2000). This thesis analyses the way this crisis has been handled in France. She draws on archives from several sources (governmental, industrial, media, associative) and has two aims. Firstly, thesis points out the temporality of public action in the light of local actors who were in charge. Secondly, this work identifies levels of action and territorial strategies which have been mobilised to manage the French feed-bone meal crisis. To better understand territorialisation of public action, thesis sets in mix-methods methodology which integrate in geographical issue the considerations around “tools of public action” [Halpern C., Lascoumes P., Le Galès P., 2014] and crosses the contributions of qualitative and quantitative analysis.
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Alexandre Geffroy. La territorialisation de l'action publique en situation de crise : le cas des farines animales dans le contexte de l'Encéphalopathie Spongiforme Bovine (ESB) en France. Géographie. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR112⟩. ⟨tel-02018300⟩

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