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Les leviers de l’attractivité des villes petites et moyennes en décroissance : une recherche-action au sein du périmètre de l’Agence d’urbanisme Sud Bourgogne

Abstract : Attractiveness is an important objective for the elected representatives of small and medium-sized towns taken in a context of demographic decline. This phenomenon encourages them to invest in forms of territorial competition. This thesis is part of a « Convention Industrielle de Formation par la Recherche » signed with the Agence d’Urbanisme Sud Bourgogne, whose scope of intervention is located in the north of the Saône-et-Loire department, between Chalon-sur- Saone, Le Creusot, Montceau-les-Mines and Autun. This particularity has led to the realization of operational missions directly in the field. The objective of this research is to question the attractiveness of the political level of these cities in terms of their deep negative dynamics. In this context, the notion of « attractiveness » has been deconstructed into three components, « appeal », « attraction » and « acquaintances », referring to issues of living environment and structuring intra and interterritorial relations. The facilitated insertion into the study area, through a structure already integrated locally, made possible to set up a methodology based on participant observation, supplemented by a local and national statistical investigation, which led to the identification of two lines of operational research. The first reports on the potential for complementarity in terms of amenities, between intercommunalities, in the reflection of an interSCoT approach, while the second shows the opportunity represented by demographic ageing in terms of economic development, face to face and productive. These insights provide the tools to understand the attractiveness of local resources, even when they are usually understood as indicators of decay, and this, attenuating the confrontation between territories and enhancing their articulation.
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Jérémie Brun. Les leviers de l’attractivité des villes petites et moyennes en décroissance : une recherche-action au sein du périmètre de l’Agence d’urbanisme Sud Bourgogne. Economies et finances. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCG004⟩. ⟨tel-02016007⟩

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