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Theses

Photo-response of ferroelectric oxides

Abstract : There is an active search for new photovoltaic technologies with improved efficiency, since the traditional p-n junctions have either the limited efficiency or the increased cost. The research on inorganic ferroelectric perovskites offers opportunities to develop new approaches and increase photovoltaic efficiency, for instance due to capability of these materials to more efficiently separate the photoexcited charges due to the existence of an internal electric field within their unit cell. To profit from this advantage, the material must combine properties like ferroelectricity, relatively small band gap and high charge mobility. In this work, we have synthesized and studied compounds from Ba(Sn,Ti)O3 solid solution, having as end members ferroelectric BaTiO3 and paraelectric BaSnO3. Crystallographic phase transitions and changes of the polar states were characterized by diffraction techniques and dielectric spectroscopy. The non-linear evolution of the band gap for different compounds has been correlated to arise from evolution of the local dynamic charge existing in these compounds, as deduced from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The temperature-dependent optical properties are dominated by polar order in ferroelectric compositions, while for the other compositions the defect-related mechanisms prevail. The critical temperatures for different mechanisms can be determined from optical characterization. In these compounds, the optical properties and photocurrent are strongly related to particularities of the local structure and chemical bonding deduced from Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02015830, version 1

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Halyna Volkova. Photo-response of ferroelectric oxides. Other. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLC094⟩. ⟨tel-02015830⟩

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