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Theses

Optimal control of inhomogeneous spin ensembles : applications in NMR and quantum optics

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is to apply optimal control theory to the dynamics ofinhomogeneous spin ensembles. The first part focuses on the control of a spin ensemble coupled to a cavity. The theory is introduced in detail, and a general method to efficiently control spins ispresented. Several pulses are derived in the bad/good cavity regimes using numerical optimal control techniques. Additionally, non-linear generalized functions are used in order to derivesimple approximated solutions. In a second step, the problem of spin echo Signal to Noise Ratio maximization is investigated, and maximization conditions are derived. It is shown that new pulses are superior to state-of-the-art square pulses in terms of fidelity and SNR maximization. Moreover, they allow us to explore new situations (e.g. Free Induction Decay measurementsin cavity-QED with a cavity damping longer than T2∗). The second part focuses on standard NMR/MRI problems. Two distinct situations of selectivity are investigated. The first one consists of determining the time minimum pulse which produces the most offset-selective transformation. In the ultra-selectivity case, the optimal solution is a singular arc of constant amplitude. However,if additional robustness constraints are taken into account, the optimal solution can be a regular arc. The second situation is the optimization of databases for MR-fingerprinting experiments. In this case, a control field is designed so that it generates a fingerprint database which maximizesthe recognition process between several spins with different parameters.
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Quentin Ansel. Optimal control of inhomogeneous spin ensembles : applications in NMR and quantum optics. Quantum Physics [quant-ph]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté; Technische Universität (Munich, Allemagne), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCK050⟩. ⟨tel-02015316⟩

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