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La Confédération Générale des Vignerons (du Midi) de sa création à sa fin. Un siècle de syndicalisme viticole (1907-1997). : un siècle de syndicalisme viticole (1907-1997).

Abstract : AbstractThe CGV, General Confederation for wine, is an organisation linking five Languedoc wine unions that was created in 1907 in order to act as an institution for interaction to answer the southern crisis with defending natural wine using prosecution and fraud repression. This creation being tense both in the interaction content and process, was followed by several sequences, success-resistance-decline-extinction, each articulated on the basis of singularities never comprehensively studied so far.It was about observing how this story was written in terms of unity, of power and consistency for the organisation, then in terms of interactions with other powerful centres and organisations and particularly national authorities, then European ones.This observation was primarily based on the exploitation of the archives of the organisation filed in Narbonne as well as on other regional, national and European funds, also based on the regional and national press, either general or specialised, and based finally on some interviews with still active players during the observation period.The founding choices of the CGV enabled this organisation both to reach an institutionally recognised national hegemony and a partial integration of its services by the state administration. This recognition, based on universally shared values of public interest, echoed with a regional wine-making power - a nationwide dominating organisation - stated by the creation of a confederate link. This construction reached its peak in 1922 before initiating a phase of decline linked to the implementation of new priorities, to an internal weakening of the organisation and to the evolution of the position of the State wishing to control back its public service mission.This reverse was aggravated by the end of the first world conflict by difficulties related to the rise of new priorities concerning market regulation (wine price, distillation and alcohol, imports, taxation) then its development (solution to be given to the Algerian problem). These difficulties, first overcome, and then gave rise to situations of break that finally ended the CGV.Restored between 1930 and 1940 by the success of the viticultural status, its recognition by the public authorities was first strongly altered between 1953 and 1956 by national orientations that differed from its own ones and that undermined the confederal bond founding unity and strength. After 1970, the geographical extension of the wine market to Europe and the worsening of the tensions of the previous period, transposed to a relation with the European public authorities accelerated that decline. The CGVM, hegemonic viticultural power in France, nationally recognised, gradually retreated into a situation of dependence, aggravated after 1970 and finally disappeared.This singular union history was therefore inscribed in the relationship maintained between representative intermediate bodies and national and European public authorities. The CGV first benefited from its interest as a representative regional and national power to strengthen their action, but was then confronted with a reverse movement of independent assertion of their public service mission and decision-making processes guided by a liberal capitalist orientation in relation to the weight of competing and antagonistic centres of interest while its representativity weakened to eventually end.
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Jacques Lauze. La Confédération Générale des Vignerons (du Midi) de sa création à sa fin. Un siècle de syndicalisme viticole (1907-1997). : un siècle de syndicalisme viticole (1907-1997).. Histoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30028⟩. ⟨tel-02014456⟩

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