Méthodes de séparation aveugle de sources et application à l'imagerie hyperspectrale en astrophysique

Abstract : This thesis deals with the development of new blind separation methods for linear instantaneous mixtures applicable to astrophysical hyperspectral data sets. We propose three approaches to perform data separation. A first contribution is based on hybridization of two existing blind source separation (BSS) methods: the SpaceCORR method, requiring a sparsity assumption, and a non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) method. We show that using SpaceCORR results to initialize the NMF improves the performance of the methods used alone. We then proposed a first original method to relax the sparsity constraint of SpaceCORR. The method called MASS (Maximum Angle Source Separation) is a geometric method based on the extraction of single-source pixels to achieve the separation of data. We also studied the hybridization of MASS with the NMF. Finally, we proposed an approach to relax the sparsity constraint of SpaceCORR. The original method called SIBIS (Subspace-Intersection Blind Identification and Separation) is a geometric method based on the identification of intersections of subspaces generated by regions of the hyperspectral image. Under a sparsity assumption, these intersections allow one to achieve the separation of the data. The approaches proposed in this manuscript have been validated by experimentations on simulated data and then applied to real data. The results obtained on our data are very encouraging and are compared with those obtained by methods from the literature.
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Axel Boulais. Méthodes de séparation aveugle de sources et application à l'imagerie hyperspectrale en astrophysique. Traitement du signal et de l'image. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30318⟩. ⟨tel-02013532⟩

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