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Agir à l'épreuve de l'insensé : enjeux éthiques de l' introduction de la phénoménologie en France

Abstract : This work is partly devoted to trace the history of the introduction of phenomenology in France and to investigate the role that Levinas, Sartre and Ricœur have played in it. The context of this introduction is studied with the aim of underlining the unity of a philosophical moment, the one of a phenomenology that is understood through the concomitant reception of Kierkegaard. In this context, Levinas, Sartre and Ricœur share the problem that was formulated by Camus, the meaninglessness that obliterates the action of man in the world. Therefore, this work is also devoted to set out the use of phenomenology that is intended to elucidate the modes of human action. It follows that they share a same conceptual framework, structured by the ideas of contingency and transcendence, and a same approach that intends to keep pace with the drama that the meaninglessness makes the acting subject play. Exploited in different and often antagonistic directions, the phenomenology guides a defense of subjectivity that proceeds with the questioning of subjectivity, until the elucidation of a last power of subject, the narrativity.
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Mathieu Pams. Agir à l'épreuve de l'insensé : enjeux éthiques de l' introduction de la phénoménologie en France. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01H210⟩. ⟨tel-02013528⟩



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