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Cartographie critique de réalités géographiques : cas de la planification de l’espace marin : Analyse comparée franco-canadienne

Abstract : The Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is the new device from modern states looking to manage marine space within their maritime jurisdictions. MSP relies on the knowledge of some scientific disciplines and the power of geo-technologies (ex. GIS) to inform and map the existing conditions of the sea. Like numerous other normative management frameworks of geographic space, this device uses the acquisition, the treatment and the cartographic representation of the data pertaining to the human (activities) and non-human (ecosystem) world to make decisions, here offshore. A certain geographic reality is hence established by the information gained from this mapping. Yet, in these specific conditions, a "missing layer" was observed: a "social and human landscape" was shaped by fishing activities. Therefore, this research on human geography aims to inform and map this “missing layer” by using exploratory, qualitative, and comparative methods. This allow to make visible another existing and observable geographic reality into the sea. This is a matter of a complex and dynamic gathering of discrete and sensible places, linked by sociotechnical fishing practices, emerging dynamic territories. Also the information and mapping of this “missing layer” therefore permits for the questioning of the real ins and outs of MSP in action, to bring to light spatial justice issues which it does emerge and to open geographic horizons for the mobilization of this other geographic reality. In sum, the information and mapping of “missing layer” are one of the multiple democratic issues of the beginning of this 21th century.
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Yannick Leroy. Cartographie critique de réalités géographiques : cas de la planification de l’espace marin : Analyse comparée franco-canadienne. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02013494⟩

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