Preparation of large cold atomic ensembles and applications in efficient light-matter interfacing

Abstract : This cotutelle PhD thesis revolves around quantum optics experiments which involve large atomic ensembles. The study of light-matter interaction and its enhancement are crucial steps in the development and progress of quantum information generation, storage and processing protocols. The work presented here focuses on the evolution of large atomic ensemble preparation techniques, on the development and experimental investigation of stopped and stationary light protocols. Laser-cooled atomic ensembles in both experimental realisations have been brought to optical depths of a few hundreds, at temperatures of tens of microkelvin. Moreover, addressing these ensembles in symmetric configurations has enabled the study of protocols based on the temporal reversal of the mapping of light to collective atomic excitations. These enhancements have led to the storage of qubits based on electromagnetically-induced transparency, and the optical storage in a backward-retrieval Raman scheme, both demonstrating efficiency records, above 50%. This work has also led to the experimental investigation of stationary light and new protocols based on it.
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Pierre Vernaz-Gris. Preparation of large cold atomic ensembles and applications in efficient light-matter interfacing. Quantum Physics [quant-ph]. Sorbonne Université; Australian national university, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS060⟩. ⟨tel-02012964v2⟩

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