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Imagerie par résonance magnétique à champ cyclé in vivo

Abstract : Fast Field Cycling Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FFC-MRI) has the ability to separate two key processes that both depends on the main field intensity B0. On one hand, signal acquisition and localization and on the other hand NMR relaxation, basis of MRI contrast. The equipment thus combines a standard MR scanner with a secondary system to rapidly switch the magnetic field B0 as compared to relaxation times. FFC enables to measure the evolution of NMR relaxation as a function of magnetic field B0, namely the NMR dispersion (NMRD) profile. Combining it with MRI the NMRD profile can be localized in vivo, together with the usual characterization at fixed B0. The NMRD profile of water carries information on molecular mobility in the surrounding biological tissues, and is thus another source of contrast. The objective of this PhD project was to further develop and evaluate the potential of FFC-MRI between 1 T and 2 T in a cancer model. This work required original instrumental and methodological developments to integrate FFC in MRI. First a precise measurement of magnetic field time profile was developed, as well as the compensation of eddy currents and of irreproducible transients in the secondary system. Moreover acquisition sequences with better signal to noise efficiency and applicable for longitudinal as well as transverse relaxation were implemented. Finally a kidney tumor mouse model was explored with FFC MRI.
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Nicolas Chanet. Imagerie par résonance magnétique à champ cyclé in vivo. Physique Médicale [physics.med-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS574⟩. ⟨tel-02012284⟩

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