Vers une conception saint-simonienne de l'entreprise et de la société industrielle

Abstract : Between Saint-Simon death in 1825 and the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, saint-simonians have been engaged in a variety of entrepreneurial projects. Willing to put an end to the French Revolution and to develop a new humanism, they have initiated both large capitalist ventures of public interest and workers’ cooperatives. Mainstream economic analysis often puts aside the role of institutions and ideologies in economic development movements. Saint-Simon and his followers anticipated the central role of firm as a key capitalist institution. Based on a physiological framework they viewed corporation as a living organism inscribed in a natural and social evolution, which raises the question of the nature and the limits of the firm in the perspective of their techno-economic emancipation project.Now that corporate social responsibility is a matter of concern, this research on the history of economic thought looks at an organizational fact: the firm as common good. First, we analyse, Saint-Simon thought and the way he connects man, corporation and society via work and industry. A second part is dedicated to three saint-simonians who implemented their ways of thinking: Enfantin in an internationalist perspective, Buchez under Christian spirituality and Leroux in search of liberal socialism.
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Patrick Gilormini. Vers une conception saint-simonienne de l'entreprise et de la société industrielle. Economies et finances. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAE007⟩. ⟨tel-02012113⟩

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