L'autobus et Paris. Souplesse, espace public et mobilité de 1900 aux années 1970

Abstract : Birthplace of cars, Paris is identified with its métro today, and the city seems to keep a secondary part for its bus network. XIXth century Parisians could not share that feeling because the Madeleine-Bastille omnibus, running along and merging with the famous boulevard , made a strong impression on them. The bus would have been the victim of standardization of the urban mobility, and its logic, more traditional than industrial, would not have been able to adapt to changes. And yet, the bus did not join the other modes of transport that have disappeared, from tramways to passenger ships on the river Seine. This thesis intends to clear up this problem through an analysis of the development of this technical object, i.e. the bus, in the Paris area, organized around three problematic axes. Firstly, the notion of flexibility, as it appears in speeches and facts, characterizes the behaviour of the bus network. But it can show various aspects and lead to misunderstandings. Secondly, the notion of public space allows the analysis of the interplay between means of transport, that is to say alliances, oppositions and compromises, which decisively affects this history. Lastly, the concept of urban mobility leads us to think of what could be another history of transport, dealing with travellers and social images as well as more classical factors such as traffic and rolling stock. This work is also based on London, taken as a counterpoint. It allows to determine not only the local context but also the influence both European capitals have exerted on each other as far as public transport is concerned.
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Arnaud Passalacqua. L'autobus et Paris. Souplesse, espace public et mobilité de 1900 aux années 1970. Histoire. Université Paris Diderot (Paris 7), 2009. Français. ⟨tel-02011447⟩

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