Analyse multi-échelle du vieillissement thermo-oxydant d’un mélange de polyéthylènes réticulés

Abstract : This work is devoted to the study of the representativeness of accelerated thermal ageing compared to ageing in use conditions of polyethylene blends used as insulant in the lastest-generation K1 qualified cables in nuclear power plants’ reactor buildings. The influence of the physical state of the components in the blends during ageing on the kinetics and ageing mechanisms is also studied. The material is a blend of two polyethylenes: a linear polyethylene (PE) and a branched polyethylene (PEcB) crosslinked with peroxides. An approach based on the multi-scale analysis (molecular, microstructural, macromolecular and macroscopic) was set up. Several ageing temperatures were chosen in order to vary the physical state of one or both polyethylenes in the blend during ageing. The results at molecular scale show the same oxidation products and kinetics for PE and PEcB. However, one can observe a faster degradation for the 5050 blend. The oxidation kinetics obey the Arrhenius law for thermal ageing between 80°C and 110°C, but extrapolation to the operating temperature (60°C) is not representative of the experimental data. The physical state (solid or molten) of the samples during thermal ageing does not explain the non-representativeness of accelerated ageing. The variations of mechanical properties can be linked to the evolution of the microstructure of each polymer and of their macromolecular architecture during thermo-oxidative ageing. Nevertheless, it is difficult to correlate the evolution of the chemical structure during ageing with the evolution of the mechanical properties. This study emphasizes the importance of the multi-scale analysis in order to have a comprehensive understanding of the ageing phenomena.
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Géraldine Rapp. Analyse multi-échelle du vieillissement thermo-oxydant d’un mélange de polyéthylènes réticulés. Matériaux. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CLFAC039⟩. ⟨tel-02010423⟩



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