La note bleue : l'expression tsigane dans le jazz à travers la presse anglophone nord-américaine des années 1880 aux années 1940

Abstract : This academic research work is part of a series of recent studies whose aim is to show to what extent Europeans contributed to the birth of jazz and how they marked the development of this new kind of music. American music bears the stamp of the cultural idiosyncrasies that 19th and 20th century European migrants brought along. It is worthwhile focusing on the role played by Gypsies and the way they were perceived across the Atlantic. The reading of the American press from the 1880s to the 1940s, together with a wide variety of other sources, has provided a solid basis for a historical analysis with a multidisciplinary approach including art history, music and geography. A double-entry framework allows one to first study how Gypsies were perceived and represented in American entertainments, romantic music and jazz. What is noticeable is the omnipresence of the Gypsy theme, the emergence of a myth and its Americanization. Secondly, one can see the way Gypsy musics help define jazz music and give clues as to its origins. The third part is devoted to the Gypsies’ nomadic way of life throughout the United States and their settling in large cities where Gypsy musicians played jazz.
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André Chesnel. La note bleue : l'expression tsigane dans le jazz à travers la presse anglophone nord-américaine des années 1880 aux années 1940. Histoire. Université de La Rochelle, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LAROF001⟩. ⟨tel-02010324⟩

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