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Développement de modèles réduits adaptatifs pour le contrôle optimal des écoulements

Abstract : The numerical resolution of adjoint based optimal control problems requires high computational time and storage capacities. In order to get over these high requirement, it is possible to use model reduction techniques such as POD (Proper Orthogonal Decomposition). The disadvantage of this approach is that the POD basis is valid only for parameters located in a small neighborhood to the parameters for which it was built. Therefore, this basis may not be representative for all parameters in the optimizer’s path eventually suggested by the optimal control loop. To overcome this issue, a reduced optimal control methodology using adaptive reduced order models obtained by the ITSGM (Interpolation on a Tangent Subspace of the Grassman Manifold) method or by the PGD (Proper Generalized Decomposition) method, has been proposed in this work. The robustness of this approach in terms of precision and computation time has been demonstrated for the optimal control (based on adjoint equations) of the 2D reaction-diffusion and Burgers equations. The interpolation method ITSGM has also been validated in the control of flow around a 2D cylinder. In the context of non intrusive model reduction, two non intrusive reduction methods, which do not require knowledge of the equations of the studied model, have also been proposed. These methods called NIMR (Non-Intrusive Model Reduction) and HNIMR (Hyper Non-Intrusive Model Reduction) were developed and then coupled to a genetic algorithm in order to solve an optimal control problem in quasi-real time. The problem of optimal control of the flow around a 2D cylinder has been studied and the results have shown the effectiveness of this approach. Indeed, the genetic algorithm coupled with the HNIMR method allowed to obtain the solutions with a good accuracy in less than 40 seconds.
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Mourad Oulghelou. Développement de modèles réduits adaptatifs pour le contrôle optimal des écoulements. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université de La Rochelle, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LAROS014⟩. ⟨tel-02009844⟩

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