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Composite hybride à matrice polymère PEKK - Niobate de sodium - graphène ou noir de carbone, pour un amortissement vibratoire passif par transduction-dissipation locale, à finalité aéronautique et spatiale

Abstract : The aim of this work was to increase the damping in a high performance thermoplastic composite with the poly(ether ketone ketone) (PEKK) as polymer matrix. The passive vibration damping concept based on piezoelectric particles (sodium niobate, NaNbO3) and conductive particles (graphene and carbon black) was studied. Piezoelectric particles ensure the mechanic-electric transduction of the vibration. Conductive particles dissipate by Joule effect the electric charges generated by the piezoelectric particles within the polymer matrix. Presence of these two kinds of particles improves the dissipation of the mechanical energy by the local transduction-dissipation phenomena. This damping film was visco-constrained between composites plies. The different contributions of energy dissipation have been identified: the polymer viscoelasticity, the stick-slip at the particle/matrix interface, the shear induced by carbon fibers and the local transduction-dissipation. The latter phenomena has been demonstrated significantly through the study of mechanical behavior and dynamic response of the laminate composites. After the polarization step, the area under the dissipative shear modulus G'' of the mechanical relaxation mode α is increased by 18%, the hysteresis loop area from 16% to 34% and resonance mode amplitudes are decreased, up to 54% for the 2nd mode.
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Camille Bessaguet. Composite hybride à matrice polymère PEKK - Niobate de sodium - graphène ou noir de carbone, pour un amortissement vibratoire passif par transduction-dissipation locale, à finalité aéronautique et spatiale. Matériaux. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30369⟩. ⟨tel-02009770⟩

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