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Theses

Matériaux pseudo-capacitifs pour supercondensateurs flexibles

Abstract : Supercapacitors are attractive electrical energy storage devices for power applications. As flexible devices new integration opportunities can be consider. Nevertheless, the optimization of the energy density, weak point of these devices, proceeds through the search and the study of new electrode materials and electrolytes. In this aim, this thesis work is turned towards so called pseudo-capacitive materials, with the use of MnO2-based electrodes, and biredox Ionic Liquid electrolytes. To preserve the flexible behavior of the electrodes, the manganese dioxide was, at first, synthesized for the formulation of an ink to be sprayed on flexible substrates. The influence of dispersing agents on the electrochemical performances was evaluated. Performances of nanocomposite materials prepared with carbon nanofibers and graphene oxide sheets were also studied. Faradaic and surface contributions to the capacity developed by MnO2 electrode material were then determined by an advanced electrochemical study. Finally, the study of a new Ionic Liquid used in a symmetrical carbon/carbon supercapacitor confirmed the attractiveness of these Faradaic phenomena for the enhancement of the supercapacitor electrochemical performances.
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Laura Coustan. Matériaux pseudo-capacitifs pour supercondensateurs flexibles. Autre. Université Montpellier, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MONTS169⟩. ⟨tel-02008132⟩

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