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Theses

L'union de l'âme et du corps dans la philosophie de Descartes

Abstract : Descartes simultaneously admits two theses: one is the real distinction between mind and bodythought as two separate substances, and the other is their substantial union. How can these two radically distinct substances be united? In the history of philosophy, Cartesian metaphysics is understood as a dualism, radically distinguishing the thinking substance and the extended substance, therefore the mind and the body. The aim of my thesis is to reverse such are presentation by the grace of the consideration of correspondence with Elisabeth. She shows that his conception of mind-body relations is more complex than is often thought, and also shows how his philosophy succeeds in ensuring the compatibility between his metaphysics, his natural philosophy and his practical philosophy. Cartesian thought is thus addressed to a human being, not only in their metaphysical reflection, but also in their experience of life.
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Megumi Toyooka. L'union de l'âme et du corps dans la philosophie de Descartes. Philosophie. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAC015⟩. ⟨tel-02007575⟩

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