Étude numérique de l’interaction choc/couche limite en géométrie de révolution

Abstract : Shock wave/boundary layer interactions (SWBLI) are present in various aerospace engineering applications.They can be associated with separated regions yielding low-frequency unsteadiness, which have mainly been studied in planar geometries. The present study aims at characterizing this type of interaction in a cylindrical configuration. A direct numerical simulation solver has been developed and validated with various test cases. It is based on a high-order finite difference based hybrid schemes (6th order centered scheme/5thorder WENO), extended to curvilinear geometries. Transverse curvature effects on properties of spatially developing supersonic boundary layer at Mach 3 are first examined. It is shown that the increase of the relative curvature of the boundary layer tends to reduce the fluctuation energy at lower frequencies near the wall, while reinforcing the perturbations at higher frequencies in the upper zone of the boundary layer.In comparison with the planar case, the transverse curvature leads to a significant re-organization of the boundary layer structures and a subsequent modified behavior of the invariants of anisotropy turbulent stress tensor. It however only leads to slightly modified distributions of Reynolds stress and a rather similar overall balance of turbulent kinetic energy through the boundary layer. The second part of this study is dedicated to the unsteady motions of the shock/separation zone in a cylinder/compression flare configuration for which the full cylindrical geometry is taken into account. The shock distortions in the azimutal direction appears to be mainly associated to the organization of the upstream vortex structures and the subsequent azimutal fluctuations of the separation line. It is shown that the energy of the fluctuating wall pressure is more amplified for higher order azimutal modes. The contributions to lateral forces, associated to the first mode, are dominated by low-frequencies only upstream of the separation line in the intermittent region. They become more dominant in the middle frequency range downstream of the reattachment zone on the ramp. It is also shown that the low-frequency activity at the wall is progressively due to higher order azimuthal modes through the interaction zone.
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Tamon Nakano. Étude numérique de l’interaction choc/couche limite en géométrie de révolution. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0013⟩. ⟨tel-02007333⟩

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