Developement of multi-physical multiscale models for molten salts at high temperature and their experimental validation

Abstract : Molten salts have been recently proposed as high-temperature heat carrier media for energy applications. In the nuclear industry, the Molten Salt Reactors (MSRs) are the only fourth generation concept proposing the usage of a liquid nuclear fuel. This innovative aspect allows proposing improved safety and design features, but it leads to novel challenges. In particular, the Molten Salt Fast Reactor (MSFR) is a MSR concept that is currently being studied in the H2020 European project SAMOFAR. Among the project activities, there are the development of more performant molten salts models and their experimental validation through the SWATH platform. This is the objective of the present thesis. However, the models developed are appropriate for other MSRs and other energy applications using molten salts as heat carrier media.The following thesis is divided into three parts.The first part is dedicated to the development of models for describing realistically some of the microscopic and macroscopic thermal phenomena associated with the usage of liquid molten salts as heat carrier media. This part includes the development and implementation of neutronic models to study nuclear power production in the MSFR, the study of turbulence and turbulence-radiation interaction in molten salt flows and the development of a multiscale approach to model the solidification/melting phenomena in salts.The second part is devoted to the design and implementation of dedicated experiments for validating these models. Two key experiments are addressed: an experiment to study the behavior of different turbulence models after a boundary layer detachment and one to test the multiscale solidification models developed for molten salts.The third part is committed to the coupling of the models developed into a multiphysics platform for the precise study of the draining transient of the MSFR.
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Mauricio Tano Retamales. Developement of multi-physical multiscale models for molten salts at high temperature and their experimental validation. Nuclear Experiment [nucl-ex]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAI083⟩. ⟨tel-02007262v2⟩

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