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Système d'encapsulation multicouche pour la gradation de potentiel dans les modules de puissance : apport des matériaux nanocomposites à conductivité contrôlée

Abstract : Nowadays, an optimal management of the electrical energy becomes a key point in electric systems. The conversion of energy is realized by a main component: the power converter. It is used as well for low power (few Watts) as for very high power (MWatts). The elementary block of the converters, is the switching cell made up of semiconductor power devices. The trend to reduce both the volume and the weight in many applications (for example in embedded systems) and the increase of the rating voltage of the new wide band gap semiconductors will have for consequence an increase of the stresses on the electrical insulating systems of the power module . A controlled grading of these electrical constraints in the volume is highly interesting to ensure the reliability of the system. It is therefore necessary to perform a precise characterization of the insulated materials used in the packaging of the power modules, as well as to get a good understanding of their failures mechanisms. The works presented in this dissertation consists in the study of a new strategy for the field gradation in power modules. The proposed insulation is an assembly of multi-layers made up of a thick material of electrically controlled conductivity (Epoxy/Graphene nanocomposite) and of a thin insulating layer (Parylene films). Various tools were used (both theoretical and experimental) to help dimensioning of the Electrical Insulation System (EIS). The Finite Element Method (FEM) was used to simulate the equipotential and field distribution in the structure under study and to analyse on one hand, the influence of the changes in the conductivity values of the Epoxy/Graphene nanocomposite materials and, on the other hand, the impact of the parylene (PA) films thickness on the stress grading. From an experimental point of view, the PA films were characterized for different thicknesses ranging between 10 µm and 40 µm. The Epoxy/Graphene nanocomposites of controlled conductivity were manufactured and characterized (0 to 5 % wt) for various filler contents. The field grading effects were evaluated directly in different structures thanks to surface potential measurements and (indirectly) to partial discharges measurements. The proposed multilayer EIS exhibits some improvements regarding the stress grading but also some limits depending on the conductivity of the nanocomposite. Such an EIS will have to be dimensioned taking into account the rating voltage and could offer an interesting approach for the future design of the power modules.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02006146, version 1



Cyril Pelvillain. Système d'encapsulation multicouche pour la gradation de potentiel dans les modules de puissance : apport des matériaux nanocomposites à conductivité contrôlée. Energie électrique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30221⟩. ⟨tel-02006146⟩



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