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Modélisation et conception de dispositifs accordables sur substrat semi-conducteur : étude d'une nouvelle démarche de co-conception

Abstract : Given the proliferation of standards in telecommunication systems, tunability is becoming a priorityboth in terms of integration and cost. A single tunable circuit needs to be able to work according toseveral different standards. Nowadays, a tunable function (filter or antenna) in planar technology isa passive distributed device to which some active tuning elements are soldered. At least onecharacteristic of the device can therefore be varied (the central frequency and/or the bandwidth inthe case of a filter; or the resonant frequency, radiating pattern or polarization mode in the case ofan antenna). Because passive devices are distributed in order to propagate the electromagneticwave, they are often designed on a dielectric substrate to minimize losses. However, the additionof tuning elements causes some additional losses and disturbances (some parasitic effects canarise due to the packaging or the interconnection and discontinuities between active and passiveparts). Finally, these tunable functions reduce the flexibility of the design (due to the size andlocalization of the active tuning elements) and manufacturing (due to drilling and via metallization).In this context, we propose to co-design tunable microwave functions on a semiconductorsubstrate on which it is possible to build both the tunable element and the passive distributedcomponent. This co-design between the passive and active parts removes the constraints relatedto the tuning elements and drilling of via holes. The concept offers a greater flexibility with regard tothe size of doped areas, allowing them to be either localized or distributed. However, this approachrequires the substrate to be compatible with the propagation of the electromagnetic field and withthe design of the tunable element. The work of this thesis makes it possible to overcome suchobstacles by proposing some tradeoffs allowing the design and the manufacture of tunablemicrowave components in silicon technology, which have been validated by demonstrator circuits.During this work, a microstrip transmission line and a switch were co-designed. Goodperformances were obtained both in simulations and measurements. Moreover, a co-simulationapproach is proposed to take into account the semiconductor effects in electromagneticsimulations.Once validated, this concept was applied to other relatively simple tunable devices to show thepotential of this approach (in terms of performances and design flexibility). Applications includedtunable filters, reconfigurable waveguides (such as SIW: Substrate Integrated Waveguides) andfrequency-tunable antennas. This study showed promising results for the design of new tunablefilter topologies (SIW filters, coupled-line filters), tunable antennas (in resonant frequency orradiation pattern) and phase shifters. Finally, the approach shows potential for continuous tunablefunctions based on varactor diodes (with capacitance variation).
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Rozenn Allanic. Modélisation et conception de dispositifs accordables sur substrat semi-conducteur : étude d'une nouvelle démarche de co-conception. Electronique. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0075⟩. ⟨tel-02005716⟩

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