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La (re)conquête de l'espace public dans une société multicommunautaire. L’exemple du Liban entre place publique et agora médiatique

Abstract : The assassination of Rafic Hariri, February 14th 2005, is the founding event. A month later, March 14, the demonstration pro‐Hariri in Martyrs' Square, renamed Freedom Square, transform the public square into a public sphere. The question we are interested by is how different media broadcasted this sequence of events ; as to make Martyrs’ square a yearly meeting of all parties. Our target is to show under what conditions this place has been transformed, March 14th 2005, into a public space and to explore different ways that allowed reaching the target. Our perspective is not limited to Lebanese media, but extends to international media, which we suggest that they had an important role in the construction of this event. The paradox and novelty of this event is that the concept of public sphere is relatively foreign to the Lebanese scene. The contrast is that, the confessionality is recognized in Lebanon and even mentioned in the constitution, on opposition of the conception of public sphere based on the principle of secularism. To answer this question, we’ll try to show that the occupation of Martyrs’ square reveals the close link between religion and secularism, unlike the stereotypical representations that tend to oppose these two poles. A communicational approach highlight the relationship between these two poles.
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Hicham Abou Raad. La (re)conquête de l'espace public dans une société multicommunautaire. L’exemple du Liban entre place publique et agora médiatique. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD040⟩. ⟨tel-02004807⟩

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