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Calcul ab initio de l'interaction effective entre électrons f pour les lanthanides et les oxydes d'actinides

Abstract : Strongly correlated electron systems are particularly interesting for ab initio calculus, which aims to model these systems from first principles. Density functional theory, improved by taking into account local correlations within DFT+U or DFT+DMFT, enables to reproduce qualitatively the physics of these systems. Nonetheless, these methods require the Hubbard and Hund effective interaction parameters U and J. These can be computed from first principles as well, within the constrained random phase approximation (cRPA), paving the way for numerical schemes as predictive as possible. Here, we use a DFT+U/cRPA scheme, which aims to compute self-consistently the U and J parameters with cRPA and the DFT+U electronic structure. We apply this scheme to lanthanides from cerium to lutetium (insisting on cerium and its gamma and alpha phases), and dioxides of actinides from uranium to curium. We study the DFT+U ground state in function of U, giving more details about the influence of metastable states. We study as well the influence of the localization of correlated orbitals on the effective interaction in a particular case. We then detail the values of U obtained with cRPA, in function of those used for the DFT+U calculation. We study more particularly the effects of screening processes on the obtained values of U. We show that the limitations of the scheme (multiplicity of self-consistent values of U and/or their incompatibility with experimental photoemission spectra) are caused by specific screening processes. This suggests to improve the description of these screening processes by modifying the model.
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Jean-Baptiste Morée. Calcul ab initio de l'interaction effective entre électrons f pour les lanthanides et les oxydes d'actinides. Electrons fortement corrélés [cond-mat.str-el]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS520⟩. ⟨tel-02004682⟩

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