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Modulation des interactions impliquant les domaines PDZ par une approche d’évolution dirigée

Abstract : Complex and dynamic protein-protein interactions are the core of protein-based networks in cells. At excitatory synapses, the postsynaptic density (PSD) is a typical example of protein-based network whose nanoscale structure and composition determines the cellular function. For instance, the dynamic regulation of PSD composition and glutamate receptors movements into or out of the PSD are the base of current molecular theories of learning and memory. In this context, during my PhD, I focused on a class of protein-protein interactions mediated by PDZ domains. Indeed, over the last decade, numerous studies have shown the critical implication of PDZ domain-mediated interactions from the PSD95 scaffolding protein family in the synaptic targeting and anchoring of glutamate receptors. However, in part due to the lack of adapted tools, the molecular mechanisms that dynamically govern their respective synaptic retention remain poorly understood. In order to investigate these PDZ domain-mediated interactions, I developed several selection strategies by phage-display based on the fibronectin type III (FN3) scaffold in order to either target the PDZ domain-binding motifs of the receptors complexes (e.g., stargazin for AMPARs and GluN2A for NMDARs) or the PDZ domains themselves. Using a multidisciplinary approach, my main objectives were to engineer small synthetic antibodies that will allow us to acutely and specifically disrupt or stabilize these protein complexes, as well as monitor endogenous interactions.
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Charlotte Rimbault. Modulation des interactions impliquant les domaines PDZ par une approche d’évolution dirigée. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0438⟩. ⟨tel-02004679⟩

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