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Synthèse et réactivité d'espèces divalentes du carbone : bis-ylures et yldiures

Abstract : Bis-ylides can be viewed as carbon (0) complexes, also known as " Carbone ". The goal of this thesis is to develop new models of bis-ylides featuring original reactivities. The first chapter presents the state of the art of carbon(0) complexes. A study of their electronic and structural properties is described, as well as, their applications as ligands in organometallic chemistry and their uses as potential carbon atom sources. The second chapter records the different attempts to synthesize a new cyclic P,S bis-ylide. These efforts lead to the unexpected synthesis of new P-chlorinated mixed bis-ylide precursors. Some preliminary results allow us to class them in the family C(0) complexes. The third chapter consists in the synthesis of a new family of bis-ylides, stabilized by sulfoxonium group. These species were fully characterized theoretically, spectroscopically and by X-Ray diffraction. The reactivity studies demonstrate a high potential as ligand for transition metal, several organometallic complexes were prepared and characterized. The last chapter presents the study of anionic bis-ylides, also known as yldiide. The synthesis of a new model is described, as well as its reactivity towards carbonyls. Finally, original irradiation reactions of this yldiide allowed us to access new C(0) complexes.
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Laura Bousquet. Synthèse et réactivité d'espèces divalentes du carbone : bis-ylures et yldiures. Autre. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30342⟩. ⟨tel-02004289⟩

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