Geometry of the projectivization of ideals and applications to problems of birationality

Abstract : In this thesis, we interpret geometrically the torsion of the symmetric algebra of the ideal sheaf I_Z of a scheme Z defined by n+1 equations in an n-dimensional variety. This is equivalent to study the geometry of the projectivization of I_Z. The applications of this point of view concern, in particular, the topic of birational maps of the projective space of dimension 3 for which we construct explicit birational maps that have the same algebraic degree as their inverse, free and nearly-free curves for which we generalise a characterization of free curves by extending the notion of Milnor and Tjurina numbers. We tackle also the topic of homaloidal hypersurfaces, our original motivation, for which we produce in particular a homaloidal curve of degree 5 in characteristic 3. The last application concerns the computation of the inverse of a birational map.
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Rémi Bignalet-Cazalet. Geometry of the projectivization of ideals and applications to problems of birationality. Algebraic Geometry [math.AG]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCK038⟩. ⟨tel-02004276⟩

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