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Comprendre et accompagner les mères et les pères d'adolescents sportifs de haut niveau : quelles répercussions sur les ressources psychologiques des sportifs ?

Abstract : Parents play a crucial role in their child’s sporting experiences. However, many examples outlined from the media have shown that parental support is not always appropriate. Besides, researchers have currently focused on the influence of parents in sport. Their involvement could sustain their child to cope with the demands of their dual careers in sport and education. Thus, the objective of this thesis was to understand and support parents of elite adolescent athletes. The first chapter presents a literature review on the topic. Then, three chapters detail the studies completed to meet the objective.The second chapter quantitatively explored parents’ behaviors and their influence on specific psychological variables of athletes. It showed that the most appropriate parental involvement to the athlete’s development corresponds to a moderate involvement from both parents: encouragements, and few pressure and directive behaviors. The third chapter qualitatively examined factors inducing parental involvement. Analysis revealed that parents feel different organizational, developmental, competitive and personal stressors mainly perceived as being difficult to manage. In order to cope with these concerns, parents rely on various strategies that they themselves implement but also on strategies carried out by family and sport center. However, according to them, the latter are not always effective. The fourth chapter presents an intervention study that evaluated the effectiveness of a support program. The results showed that the program positively influences parents’ experiences. They also highlighted the difficulties to create parental behavioral changes perceptible by athletes.Based on results of the six studies conducted with 1595 parents and 919 athletes, new directions of research are discussed. Practical recommendations to foster an appropriate parental involvement to the athlete’s development are also shared
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Noémie Lienhart. Comprendre et accompagner les mères et les pères d'adolescents sportifs de haut niveau : quelles répercussions sur les ressources psychologiques des sportifs ?. Education. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1227⟩. ⟨tel-02003808⟩

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