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Métamatériaux performants dans la gamme des fréquences audibles : simulations et validations expérimentales

Abstract : Since several decades, photonic and phononic crystals are the center of numerous studies and in particular in the optics,electromagnetism and acoustics fields. These metamaterials, created by a periodic array of inclusions, have propertiesimpossible to obtain with usual materials. They can, for example, bend the waves or stop the waves for some frequencyranges (band gap). By changing the characteristic of the unit cell, it is possible to combine transmission losses linked to theperiodicity, with low frequency resonances linked to the type of scatterer (rigid, resonator...) and obtain very low transmissioncoefficient or very high absorption coefficient on very large frequency ranges depending on the device. Two metamaterialsdevices are studied to find alternative solutions, for acoustics problems, by using periodic array of scatterers. The first deviceis a sonic crystal used has an noise barrier and built with drilled bamboo rods, that have low frequency transmission losses(around 300 Hz and around 2000 Hz). The second device is a periodic array of resonant inclusions embedded in a porousplate that can absorb almost all the waves for a wide frequency range that correspond to wavelength up to 10 times bigger than de thickness of the plate. The behavior of this two devices are studied theoretically, experimentally and numerically by using several methods (Plane Waves Expansion, Multiple Scattering Theory for the first device and finite element method for the second). All this methods allow to bring out the very good performances of this metamaterials devices in audiblefrequency range.
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Clément Lagarrigue. Métamatériaux performants dans la gamme des fréquences audibles : simulations et validations expérimentales. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université du Maine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LEMA1037⟩. ⟨tel-02003586⟩

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