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Elaboration et caractérisation de nouvelles architectures macromoléculaires à base de lignine : applications dans le domaine du bâtiment

Abstract : New macromolecular architectures have been performed by using lignin to develop new advanced materials for building applications. Three synthetic pathways have been carried out in order to impart specific properties to lignin-based materials. A Ring-Opening Polymerization has first been performed with ε-caprolactone to graft polymer chains onto lignin. Branching efficiency was confirmed by analysis and allows giving advanced properties to lignin materials. This first modification highlights the importance of lignin functionalization as building block for polymer synthesis. Then, we pursue the investigations by esterifying lignin with oleic acid by a solvent and catalyst-free method. Doubles bond were functionalized to obtain a lignin/fatty acid-based macropolyol that was then used for polyurethane synthesis (PU). Mechanical and thermal properties have been modulated by varying NCO:OH molar ratio and prepolymer molecular weight. Finally, oxypropylation was performed onto lignin by using various reaction parameters to obtain different macromolecular architectures for the resulting polyols. PUs have then been synthesized with the resulting macropolyols. The structure of macropolyols impacts greatly the thermal and mechanical properties of polymers, the influence of NCO:OH molar ratio was also studied.All of the PU reported in this work presented a micro-phase separation resulting in a specific organization (rigid/soft segments) into the polymer matrix. The lignin-based material revealed advanced thermal and mechanical properties with a high bio-based content up to 89%. This work allows emphasizing the potential of lignin as a starting material in the synthesis of sustainable material for building applications.
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Stéphanie Laurichesse. Elaboration et caractérisation de nouvelles architectures macromoléculaires à base de lignine : applications dans le domaine du bâtiment. Polymères. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAE016⟩. ⟨tel-02003512⟩

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