Développement de complexes polynucléaires de lanthanides pour des applications biologiques

Abstract : Molecular systems based on luminescent lanthanide cations have very valuable photo-physical properties for applications in optical bioimaging (resistance to photobleaching, sharp emission bands, and longue luminescence lifetimes). The emitted light can cover a wide spectral range, according to the chosen lanthanide cation. However, the lanthanides have low extinction coefficients and must be sensitized indirectly via the antenna effect by using a chromophore located in proximity. The luminescence intensity per molecule can be also increased by accommodating several lanthanides within a single compound. In this thesis, we report on the development of new potential imaging agents based on polynuclear systems with lanthanides. The main goal was to program supramolecular well-defined tridimensional complexes in order to enhance their optical properties for biological applications. To do this, we have chosen to employ tripodal ligands composed of a central triaminotriptycene anchor and three arms with coordinating sites. Moreover, these ligands have been functionalized to improve their physicochemical properties. In view of future developments, the synthesis of new central platforms was also performed. The synthesis and characterization of tripodal ligands L1 and L2 and their complexes with lanthanides were carried out. Detailed speciation studies with L1 and L2 show a high thermodynamic stability of tetranuclear systems formed preferably with lighter lanthanides. In addition, spectroscopic studies reveal that the sensitization of luminescence is achieved in the visible as well as in the near infrared. Furthermore, we have prepared and characterized novel compounds by combining a porphyrin chromophore and a receptor for lanthanide complexation. These bimodal probes may find applications in imaging and in photodynamic therapy.
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Alexandra Vuillamy. Développement de complexes polynucléaires de lanthanides pour des applications biologiques. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ORLE2070⟩. ⟨tel-02003503⟩

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