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Photocontrolled self-assembly of a fluorescent anthracene at nano- and microscales

Abstract : The spatial and temporal control of the self-assembly of fluorescent molecules into organized nano-objects and into soft materials was achieved by photochemistry. The quantitative photodecarbonylation of the progelator dkDDOA under irradiation generates the supergelator 2,3-didecyloxyanthracene (DDOA) at room temperature and simultaneously gelates DMSO. dkDDOA is reactive under excitation withblue light due to the light sensitive alpha-diketone moiety that is added to the aromatic core.Additional colour-tuning from blue to green emission from the gel was achieved by adding a similar photoreactive 1,2-diketone-5,12-diphenyltetracene that yields a green emissive 5,12-diphenyltetracene sensitized through an efficient energy transfer. Under a microscope, focused laser irradiation enables the patterning of blue-emissive nanofibers on to a glass surface. Although the surface is non-treated, micropatterns of highly aligned DDOA nanofibers can be obtained. These surfaces emit linearly polarized blue light,as proven with polarization microscopy. The high anisotropy and the orientation of the fibers was achieved by controlling the nucleation density and the direction of scanning of the focused laser. Perpendicularly oriented micropatterns can thereby be juxtaposed on the same surface.
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Christiaan J.F. de Vet. Photocontrolled self-assembly of a fluorescent anthracene at nano- and microscales. Organic chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0333⟩. ⟨tel-02003479⟩

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